In Lima, Peru, and its surrounding areas, you’ll find yourself in the middle of a treasure trove of history. Founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro, Lima contains historic archaeological sites such as those containing ancient Incan ruins. Downtown Lima is a bustling metropolitan area surrounded by local neighborhoods including upscale beachfront areas to shantytowns. The city is located in the valleys of three rivers and overlooks the Pacific Ocean. The city is has the highest population of Peru and is also the third largest city in the Americas.